African imports of products from China in recent years

African imports of products from China in recent years

Due to the differences in industrial structure and resource endowment between China and Africa, labor-intensive products have been the main products imported by Africa from China for many years. At the same time, in recent years, China and Africa have continuously strengthened cooperation in infrastructure construction in Africa and promoted Africa. The number of imported building materials, machinery, and equipment from China has been increasing. Due to the lack of raw material processing capacity in Africa, Africa’s current exports to China are still dominated by crude oil and various raw materials.

In recent years, Africa has imported goods from China mainly from consumer goods, machinery and equipment, vehicles and building materials. The distribution and structure of essential commodities imported from China from China are as follows:

Consumer products

Africa’s main consumer products imported from China include three categories: one is all kinds of textiles, the other is small items such as shoes, hats, bags, toys, and the third is household appliances and lamps, furniture and other household items. From 2008 to 2014, Africa imported a total of 162.32 billion US dollars of goods from China, including 90.87 billion US dollars of textile commodities, 34.14 billion US dollars of small products, and 37.31 billion US dollars of household goods. The export of these commodities accounted for 31.52 of China’s total exports to Africa during the same period. %. During this period, Africa imported a total of 336.01 billion US dollars of similar products from the world, and China’s products accounted for 48.29%.

Mechanical equipment and related products

Major machinery and equipment products imported from China include: electrical machinery, equipment and parts, power distribution equipment, electrical machinery and equipment, pumps, gas compressors and fans, heating and cooling equipment and their components, equipment pipelines, telecommunications equipment And parts, automatic data processing equipment, circuit boards, civil engineering equipment, loading and unloading machinery and parts, machinery for specific industries. From 2008 to 2014, Africa imported a total of 99.88 billion US dollars of goods from China, accounting for 19.39% of China’s total exports to Africa during the same period. During this period, Africa imported a total of 489.25 billion US dollars of similar products from the world, and China’s products accounted for 20.41%.

Vehicle

The primary means of transportation and related products imported from China by Africa include: manned, cargo vehicles, motor vehicles, and motorcycles, ships and associated products, tires. From 2008 to 2014, Africa imported a total of 57.29 billion US dollars of goods from China, accounting for 11.12% of China’s total exports to Africa during the same period. During this period, Africa imported a total of 380.02 billion US dollars of similar goods from the world, and China’s products accounted for 15.07%.

Building materials

The primary building materials and related products imported from China by Africa include steel, iron and other metal building materials, as well as non-metallic building materials such as lime and cement. From 2008 to 2014, Africa imported a total of 48.05 billion US dollars of goods from China, accounting for 9.33% of China’s total exports to Africa during the same period. During this period, Africa imported a total of 219.78 billion US dollars of similar products from the world, and China’s products accounted for 21.86%.

In recent years, Africa has exported its main commodities to China, including agricultural and forestry raw materials, petroleum and related products, and mineral raw materials. The distribution and structure of major African exports to China are as follows:

Petroleum and related products

Africa’s oil and related products exported to China mainly include crude oil, asphalt, etc., refining petroleum and surplus products, liquefying propane, butane, natural gas and so on. From 2008 to 2014, Africa exported 316.73 billion US dollars of oil and related products to China, accounting for 52.27% of China’s total imports from Africa. In the same period, Africa exported 2.27 trillion US dollars of similar products to the world, and its exports to China accounted for its exports. The ratio is 13.96%.

Mineral raw materials

The mineral raw materials exported by Africa to China mainly include coal, copper, iron and iron products, silver, platinum, and other metals, pearls, precious stones, and other products. From 2008 to 2014, Africa exported a total of 63.376 billion US dollars of goods to China, accounting for 10.46% of China’s total imports from Africa. In the same period, Africa exported 267.93 billion US dollars of similar products to the world, and its export to China accounted for 23.65. %.

Agricultural and forestry raw materials

The agroforestry raw materials exported by Africa to China mainly include wood and related products, cotton, oil crops, and tobacco. From 2008 to 2014, Africa shipped a total of 21.35 billion US dollars to China, accounting for 3.52% of China’s total imports from Africa. In the same period, Africa exported 66.81 billion US dollars of similar products to the world, and exports to China accounted for 31.95 of its related products.

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