Discussion on the Related Factors of International Competitiveness of Service Trade

Discussion on the Related Factors of International Competitiveness of Service Trade

With the accelerated pace of adjustment of the world economic structure and the shift of the global industrial structure brought by the economic globalization from the manufacturing industry to the service industry, the service trade has attracted people’s attention in the field of international economic and trade. It is not only the economic development important force, has also become a measure of a country’s international competitiveness of an important standard. This paper discusses the competitiveness of China ‘s service trade from the four aspects of the factors influencing the competitiveness of service trade, the relationship between trade in services and trade in goods, the relationship between service trade and service development, the relationship between service trade and direct investment. And strive to promote the internationalization of China’s service industry level, and actively develop China’s trade in services, is to adapt to the world economic development trend, but also China’s development of foreign trade needs.

The impact of trade in services on the international competitiveness of a country is greater than that of agriculture and industry. Research on the Competitiveness and Evaluation Research Center of the People’s University of China (2001) shows that international competitiveness is positively related to the country’s exports and is inversely related to imports. In the export, the proportion of exports of services has the strongest positive effect on international competitiveness, followed by industry and agriculture, which shows that the greater the proportion of service trade in total exports, the greater the international competitiveness of a country Strong; in the import, the proportion of imports of services on the international competitiveness of the reverse role of the weak, followed by industry, agriculture, the strongest. It can be seen that the benefits of international trade in services are greater than those of agriculture and industry, both in terms of imports and exports. Since the 20th century, some famous foreign scholars, such as bear bit, Solo, Michael Potter, have put forward many theories to explore international competitiveness, scholars from different angles to observe and define the international competitiveness, thus Draws a different conclusion, and different international competitiveness definition, will form a different international competitiveness analysis theory framework and index system. As a result of the theory of Michael Porter from the industrial level systematically expounded the formation of industry and enterprise competitiveness and development of the law for the competitiveness of the study provides a set of highly operational value of the system framework, where the author to Porter’s point of view The core of the theory of advantage, and the characteristics of service trade to explore the factors that affect the international competitiveness of trade in services.

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