Study on the Trade Effect and Non-trade Effect of US Anti-dumping against China

Study on the Trade Effect and Non-trade Effect of US Anti-dumping against China

Study found that: (1) Under the WTO, the United States had the most serious anti-dumping investigations and anti-dumping measures in China, and showed a gradual increase. The US anti-dumping against China is no longer just a threat, but a tool for trade protection. (2) From 1978 to 2009, the United States’ anti-dumping measures against Chinese products were mainly distributed in 13 industries. The base metals and their products and chemical products were the two industries in which the United States had the most concentration of anti-dumping measures in China, and also the two industries most affected by trade. (3) From 1995 to 2009, the United States’ anti-dumping investigation against Chinese products and the index of anti-dumping measures showed a rising trend. Except for individual years, both are greater than 1, indicating that the United States has had a significant disruptive effect on China’s trade against China. The countermeasure is that Chinese industrial enterprises should actively acquire the market economy status of the industry in order to reduce the risk of anti-dumping; the industry association dumping and anti-dumping information platform should be constructed, and the intensity of responding and prosecuting should be consolidated; the diversified trade pattern should be expanded and implemented. Imports to promote export trade policies.

Since the reform of the RMB exchange rate in 1994, China has suffered a series of anti-dumping trade frictions from major trading entities while maintaining a substantial increase in its foreign trade exports. According to WTO statistics, from 1977 to 2008, 677 anti-dumping investigations and 479 final measures involving Chinese products accounted for 19.8% and 21.9% of the world total respectively. Judging from the overall situation and from a single year, China was ranked first in the world for the number of anti-dumping investigations and anti-dumping measures taken from 1995 to 2008. Among them, the United States launched 87 anti-dumping investigations and 66 anti-dumping final measures against Chinese products, accounting for 20.8% of the US anti-dumping investigation and 24.6% of the final anti-dumping measures of the United States, which ranks first in the United States for external anti-dumping. And it ranked second in anti-dumping against China by WTO members. The United States is also China’s largest trading partner. According to China’s customs statistics, China’s exports to the United States in 2008 were US$277.52 billion, accounting for 17.7% of China’s total merchandise exports. Therefore, frequent US anti-dumping of Chinese products is bound to affect US-China trade. Has serious damage effects.

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