The development of Japan, South Korea’s service industry, trade services

The development of Japan, South Korea's service industry, trade services

At present, the focus of economic competition in various countries has been transferred from trade in goods to trade in services. Japan and South Korea are also paying more and more attention to the development of services, and trade in services as an important driving force to promote economic growth. After two or three years of efforts, the contribution rate of the two countries’ services to the economy has been increasing, the performance of service trade has increased rapidly, and the import and export volume has been at the forefront of the world. However, through the analysis of the internal structure of service industry in Japan and Korea, the export structure of service trade and the competitiveness index of service trade, it is found that the overall competitiveness of service trade between Japan and South Korea does not have a comparative advantage. Therefore, the two governments choose ” Progressive “model, on the one hand the introduction of international competition; the other hand, to the country temporarily do not have the competitiveness of the service industry policy and management of the dual support. These practices for China’s development of service industry and trade in services has a strong reference.

Japan and South Korea’s service sector on the macroeconomic contribution and the total export trade in services analysis, from the industrial structure point of view, Japan and South Korea’s service industry has become an important pillar industry in the economic development of the two countries. Since the 1980s, Japan’s tertiary industry has accounted for more than half of the national economy, from 1996 to more than 60%. South Korea’s tertiary industry has been occupied by about 40% of the proportion. Into the 90’s, the proportion of the tertiary industry also rose to 50%.

From the employment point of view, Japan and South Korea’s service industry has become an important place for both countries to absorb employment. In view of the absolute number, since 1995, the number of Korean people engaged in education more than 100 million, and every year to tens of thousands of people the rate of increase. In 1998, South Korea only social groups and personal services industry an increase of 14.6 million people in labor investment. From the employment structure, the proportion of the population engaged in the service sector is more than 50% of the total.

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